Early vocabulary development and reading comprehension
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Vocabulary is a component in reading comprehension. Without a strong breadth and depth of vocabulary knowledge, students may struggle with reading comprehension. Early and direct teaching of vocabulary can narrow the gap between those who have well-established vocabularies and those without. This review of literature introduces the connection between vocabulary and reading comprehension and the need to address vocabulary in the early grades. Risk factors for low vocabulary development are also explored. The risk factors include maternal education, the home literacy environment, and socio-economic status. Strategies and methods for teaching vocabulary within the library media center are presented including research on implicit and explicit teaching. Librarians can implement strategies within the library media center that coordinate with regular classroom teaching and provide additional opportunities for students to work with and learn new words. Vocabulary has been identified as one component that can be addressed to narrow the achievement gap.