Ethnic identity development and social comparison and their relationship to body image and disordered eating
Johnson, Clarissa M.
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The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship ethnic identity development and social comparison had with body image and disordered eating. Participants (88 Caucasian and 14 African American women) completed measures assessing their level of ethnic identity development, level of social comparison, level of internalization of beauty ideals (internalization), as well as measures of body image and disordered eating. Results revealed significant relationships between (a) ethnic identity and internalization, (b) ethnic identity and disordered eating, and (c) internalization and body image for African Americans. Results also showed that African Americans compared their appearance more often to other African American women versus women from other ethnic groups. Also, lower levels of social comparison were related to higher body image scores for Caucasian Americans, indicating that the more these women compared their appearance of other women, the more dissatisfied they were with their own bodies