Comparision of Resting Metabolic Rate in an Adolescent with Down Syndrome Pre and Post a Weight Training Intervention: a Case Study
Stout, Jessica L.
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Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) often display special health conditions such as: congenital heart disease, atlantoaxial instability, low levels of physical fitness, and a lower maximum heart rate (ACSM, 2014). When the individual with DS displays these conditions, they tend to avoid and have difficulty performing some exercises due to balance, skeletal, cardiorespiratory, muscular, and other safety concerns. This then leads to the individual not achieving adequate amounts of physical activity and having lower levels of muscular strength, commonly resulting in obesity. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an individuals’ resting metabolic rate pre post weight training intervention in an adolescent diagnosed with Down syndrome. Methods: The subject was diagnosed with Down syndrome, had no previous weight training experience. The subject had her resting metabolic rate measured using the BodyGem system prior to starting the weight training intervention. The subject then participated in six weeks of weight training. The subject performed 2-3 one hour sessions a week, for six weeks. Once the weight training intervention was complete, the subject then returned to have her resting metabolic rate measured. Results: After twelve, one hour, full body resistance training workout sessions, the subject was able to raise their RMR level from 890 to 960. The apparent increases in the subjects’ resting metabolic rate were evidenced by the BodyGem measurements pre and post the resistance training intervention.