The Effectiveness of Decentralization of Policing in the Reduction of Part I Crimes: A Look at Georgia's Sandy Springs Police Department
Kobelt, Amber N.
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The purpose of the thesis was to examine if the decentralization of a police force from the county level to the city level rendered a statistically significant impact on UCR Part I crime levels in Sandy Springs, Georgia. The decentralization was viewed as a community oriented policing strategy. The research design was quasi-experimental and utilized secondary data collected from the respective police departments. Data analysis concluded that, overall, Sandy Springs saw a statistically significant reduction in the level of UCR Part I crimes (t (49) =3.936, p <.001). Considering each of the Part I crimes individually provided mixed results, showing statistically significant reductions only in theft (t (38) =3.524, p =.001) and vehicle theft (t (49) =2.412, p =.020). Further research is recommended to determine long-term results of the decentralized police force on the reduction of all crime types.