English History through the Historians' Eyes: Revisiting David Hume and Thomas Babington Macaulay
Brigman, Daniel S.
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The origins of modern English history have been shrouded in inaccuracies. David Hume attempted to clarify history in an effort to remove biases and Thomas Babington Macaulay endeavored to make history understandable. In their attempt to write modern English history, both historians have been inaccurately classified. Modern scholars have classified Hume as impartial, while Macaulay has been classified as a biased Whig historian. This thesis argues that neither classification is wholly accurate and that both historians deserve a reexamination of their efforts to clarify historical scholarship. The thesis examines two sets of evidence. First, modern scholarship, such as biographies and historical journals, about Hume and Macaulay are extensively examined. Second, their Histories, personal correspondence, essays, and other writings are studied to determine their own methods and reasons for writing English history. After inspecting the evidence, this thesis concludes that Hume and Macaulay have indeed been inaccurately classified.