Impact of the Communication Medium in Online Education: A Comparison of Student Motivation in Online and Face-to-Face Classes
Torres, William C.
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More and more online classes are being offered by institutions of higher learning each year (Allen & Seaman, 2011). This increase has led to many challenges for instructors and students alike as simulating a face-to-face (F2F) class in an online setting has proven to be difficult. The current study offers a comparison in motivation and communication apprehension levels between students in online classes and students in F2F classes of the same subject matter taught by the same instructor at a mid-sized Midwestern university. What was found was that online students have higher levels of communication apprehension, are less confident with the course material, and see the information as less relevant than the F2F students. Additionally, over 50% of the students taking classes online reported living on-campus or close to campus, which is contradictory to the original intent of online education (Bejerano, 2008).