Panoptic Control in the Digital Age: Examining the Effect of Required Lifetime Electronic Monitoring on Reported Forcible Rape
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Sex offenses remain a pervasive problem in the United States. In response, several state legislatures have mandated lifetime electronic monitoring of convicted sex offenders. The impact of this legislation as it applies to forcible rape remains unexplored. Applying a routine activity framework, this study applies interrupted time-series analysis in the form of autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) to monthly UCR reports of reported forcible rape from all states requiring lifetime electronic monitoring of convicted sex offenders between 2000 and 2009 (n= 120). Results indicate that lifetime electronic monitoring fails to act as a guardian capable of reducing the frequency of reported forcible rape at the aggregate level. Suggestions for future research include evaluation include micro-level, longitudinal studies of offender behavior.