The Effects that Behavioral Objectives Have on Short Term Learning for Elementary Educational Students
Begemann, Glenda A.
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Accountability demands are placed on public education institutions and public educators by federal and state laws to produce an adequate education for all individual students. Elimination of public school districts and educators’ jobs are at risk when requirements are not met through individual achievement scores. Empirical research on the impact of behavioral objectives on students’ short term learning is rare. In this study we examine how stating behavioral objectives before, during, and after a lesson impacts students’ short term learning by measuring students’ knowledge with both pretest and posttest science exams. A two-way mixed ANOVA was used to compare two different second grade classes assigned to two conditions, the Objectives Group and the Control Group. The teacher stated behavioral objectives for the Objective Group and did not state behavioral objectives for the Control Group. Students exposed to behavioral objectives showed a greater increase in their science posttest scores than did students in the Control Group but it was not significant. The use of behavioral objectives in elementary classrooms may be beneficial to students’ short term learning.