One-to-One Technology in Schools: Researching the Future
Ferguson, Elizabeth R.
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One-to-one technology programs that provide each student with a laptop computer or other Internet-capable device can be transformative to the climate and culture of a school. Inconsistent implementation processes contribute to varying outcomes among one-to-one programs. This literature review examines research conducted on one-to-one technology programs and analyzes traits of districts where one-to-one computing has positively impacted student performance and districts with no measurable student performance gains. Successful one-to-one technology programs are carefully designed by groups of stakeholders who begin by determining what gains students will achieve as a consequence of the program. This program design includes planning of extensive, ongoing professional development; student-focused pedagogical changes that alter the traditional classroom structure; budgeting, including maintenance and replacement costs, increased technology support staff, and fees for digital learning tools; and expanded infrastructure to support increased Internet traffic. Failure to sufficiently plan for any of these components impedes benefits of one-to-one computing.